Caught Between Old Crimes And New Tech: Anti-Human Trafficking Efforts In The Modern Digital Age

By Jessica Wilkerson 

Introduction 

As society has become increasingly intertwined with and reliant upon the Internet, so have criminal investigations. While this explosion in digital evidence has in many ways been a boon—some commentators speak of a “golden era of surveillance”[1]—the growth and continued evolution of relevant technologies poses significant challenges to the prosecution of criminal acts.

This is especially true in the context of human trafficking investigations, which tend to heavily leverage digital infrastructures like mobile phones and the Internet. This article explores two evolving technologies—device encryption and DNS-over-HTTPS—to provide an explanation of how they work, and the challenges, both practical and legal, that they create for law enforcement efforts to combat human trafficking. In doing so, this article aims to create a deeper understanding of these technologies, dispel myths or confirm theories about their impacts, and explore proposals for ways in which necessary advancements in technology can, should, and must coexist with the needs of law enforcement to prosecute crime.

Continue reading “Caught Between Old Crimes And New Tech: Anti-Human Trafficking Efforts In The Modern Digital Age”

Face it – Congressional Action Needed on Facial-Recognition, Other Biometric-Identification Technologies

By Wamiq Babul 

I.  Introduction

Even before the COVID-19 pandemic, biometric identifiers were serving an important role in American lives.[1]  Experts predict that to facilitate contactless transactions, post-pandemic businesses will increasingly rely on biometrics, especially facial-recognition technology.[2]  This article discusses some of the purposes, privacy concerns, and legal issues regarding biometric data, highlighting the need for a federal act that governs its use.

Continue reading “Face it – Congressional Action Needed on Facial-Recognition, Other Biometric-Identification Technologies”

Regulating DNA Fingerprinting in India

By Rebant Juyal, Indraprastha University, Delhi

I. Introduction

Human DNA(Deoxyribonucleic Acid), is the fundamental genetic blueprint of the person. It is hereditary and responsible for the characteristics of the person.[1] The advanced biotechnology enabling the study & exploration of DNA has fundamentally revolutionized the world. DNA today can be modified[2], engineered[3], patented[4] and fingerprinted[5]. DNA Fingerprinting is one of the most revolutionized techniques to analyse DNA of individuals.[6] DNA fingerprinting (DNA Profiling /Typing /Testing)[7] is a form of DNA forensic technology that is used to identify persons by analysing the unique patterns within their DNA.[8] About 99.9% of DNA of two individuals is the same[9], however, 0.1% of DNA is unique to every individual, which results in all forms of variations in physical appearances among individuals[10] and makes DNA of every individual distinct, with exceptions to identical twins[11].

Continue reading “Regulating DNA Fingerprinting in India”