Regulating DNA Fingerprinting in India

By Rebant Juyal 

I. Introduction

Human DNA(Deoxyribonucleic Acid), is the fundamental genetic blueprint of the person. It is hereditary and responsible for the characteristics of the person.[1] The advanced biotechnology enabling the study & exploration of DNA has fundamentally revolutionized the world. DNA today can be modified[2], engineered[3], patented[4] and fingerprinted[5]. DNA Fingerprinting is one of the most revolutionized techniques to analyse DNA of individuals.[6] DNA fingerprinting (DNA Profiling /Typing /Testing)[7] is a form of DNA forensic technology that is used to identify persons by analysing the unique patterns within their DNA.[8] About 99.9% of DNA of two individuals is the same[9], however, 0.1% of DNA is unique to every individual, which results in all forms of variations in physical appearances among individuals[10] and makes DNA of every individual distinct, with exceptions to identical twins[11].

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Privacy Breaches and Big Data: Solutions and Suggestions in India’s Context

By: Navreet Kaur[+]

This article discusses the unprecedented rate at which data is growing and the various possibilities of privacy infringements.  It views the problem in the context of a developing nation, India, because India has formed a committee last year to devise and regulate regulations for data protection.  The article also discusses the approaches adopted by various other countries so that India can meet global standard when formulating policies for data protection.  The features of the Data Protection Bill that the committee has recently submitted to the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, Government of India are also discussed.

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